Instead of making heat, air-source heat pumps move it in and out of your home. They’re super efficient and can both heat and cool.
The outdoor and indoor unit or units are connected by lines that circulate refrigerant through coils. In ducted systems, fans blow the air into your home through ductwork. In ductless “mini split” systems, wall or floor units blow it directly into the room.
Get a professional inspection every year. In between, clean the coils and clean or replace the filters often. Over time, the refrigerant can get low and require a refill (recharge).